Windows 2000 Pro Software Installation

Windows 2000 Pro (Windows NT version 5.00.2195) is a commercial operating system for computers with a minimum of 266MHz Intel Pentium II compatible CPU with 128MB RAM, and a hard disk with minimum free space of 1.5GB. (alternatively, there are also non-commercial, free, operating systems, such as GNU/Linux.)

Related documents: Configuring Windows 2000, XP for Performance, Useability and Security

This list descibes the foundation of the operating system, that which you want to have layn before you install & use the major applications that you use your computer for, so that it runs & will continue to run with stability in a changing future; and has all necessary support for different document formats and situations; and is secure against malicious hackers and viruses

This setup is security conscious because of its configuration of the basic Windows operating system and in its choice of software used. hopefully it is a setup that can be easier understood because of its simplicity, and because its software addresses clear functional needs. it is layed out in sections as per the different layers of functionality that can be addressed. often people setup Windows with too many programs that you will not understand, this complicates the operating system and your mind, better to be simple and increase the complexity gradually. likewise, no need to configure features that automate various and unknown tasks, because this actually increases the eventual complexity and especially lays you open to security risks

Install in the following order:


Software Version Installed and language Configured per-machine
Configured preferences. (incl. temp) for users
-Administrator
-others...
Particular toolbox and section to find this software or a link to it in
Description Comments

Windows 2000 Pro
- Preferably have the latest Service Pack 'slipstreamed' in to the installer.
- You can also use a WINNT.SIF pre-configuration file.





the operating system
device drivers for internal devices: n/a n/a n/a
interfaces between Windows and various internal hardware (not printers, scanners, etc) check manufacturer's web site for latest information and drivers for all hardware. You are advised not to install keyboard/mouse drivers so as to leave the system simpler and leaner as often their functionality is dubious (such as enabling multimedia keyboard keys) and can cause severe problems.
motherboard chipset
n/a n/a Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox

Beware chipsets with north and south bridge chips from different manufacturers.
The motherboard chipset may include video and/or audio.
Example drivers used:
- VIA Hyperion 4in1 driver;
- Intel Chipset Software Installation Utility,
- Intel Application Accelerator;
- SiS IDE driver
SCSI controller

n/a Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox
SCSI isn't common on desktop systems
video

n/a Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox
Video may be included in the motherboard chipset, in which case get the driver from the motherboard chipset manufacturer.
examples: Intel xxx AGP driver; SiS AGP driver.
Some video drivers require up-to-date DirectX be installed first.
audio

n/a Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox
AC'97 sound may be included in motherboard chipset; and there may be a seperate sound card
networking

n/a Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox

modem

n/a Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox

monitor

n/a Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox
may just need to be set as 'Plug 'n' Play monitor
USB 2.0 controller

n/a Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox
Windows will use its own, then install those from the chipset manufacturer to improve upon them
IEEE-1394
(i.e. FireWire)



n/a


Serial ATA





digital media drive

n/a

Though Windows has its own 'mass storage class driver' which might be enough
Configuring Windows 2000 for Performance, Usability and Security
sections 2 & 3 or use TWEAK



Windows Toolbox - docs -> windows;
or Windows Toolbox - admin

follow this document to best configure the operating system itself
Adaptec's ASPI transport layer

n/a Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox communications layer for CD drives Install if using a CD or DVD writer.
PageDefrag


n/a Non-redistributable Windows software - file-utils defragment system files Set to 'Defragment every boot' and 'Defrag abort countdown 1 seconds'. Run it now as installation leaves a lot of fragmentation. Reboot after installing.
latest Windows  2000 Service Pack (unless it was 'slipstreamed' into the installer)
n/a n/a Non-redistributable Windows software - Windows - security updates cumulative fixes
DirectX
n/a n/a Non-redistributable Windows software - windows - Windows system updates
For audio / video. May be required by the video driver. Windows 2000 by default includes DirectX 7.0
Internet Explorer

Windows - Internet Explorer

if you need the full Internet Explorer browser then install/update to version 5.5SP2 (not 6SP1, unless you need to). usually worthwhile as an operating system upgrade but not as a web browser
any post Internet Explorer Service Pack Cumulative Patch
n/a n/a Non-redistributable Windows software - Windows - Internet Explorer updates more fixes You can use Windows Automatic Updates to download and install these for you rather than doing so manually.
any specifically worthwhile individual Internet Explorer security fixes
n/a n/a Non-redistributable Windows software - Windows - Internet Explorer updates more fixes You can use Windows Automatic Updates to download and install these for you rather than doing so manually.
any Windows post-Service Pack Cumulative Security Update

n/a n/a Non-redistributable Windows software - windows - security updates more fixes "A Cumulative Security Update would typically include support for all prior updates".
You can use Windows Automatic Updates to download and install these for you rather than doing so manually.
any Windows post-Service Pack Security Roll Up Package / Security Update Roll-up


windows - security updates more fixes "A Security Update Roll-up is typically used to combine previous releases into a single update ... Security Update Roll-ups typically do not include modifications to address new vulnerabilities".
You can use Windows Automatic Updates to download and install these for you rather than doing so manually.
any specifically worthwhile individual Windows post-Service Pack security fixes

n/a n/a Non-redistributable Windows software - windows - windows security updates more fixes be especially cautious with these kindof quick fixes from Microsoft - be sure they're not going to break more than they fix.
You can use Windows Automatic Updates to download and install these for you rather than doing so manually.
any specifically worthwhile Windows post-Service Pack hotfixes
n/a n/a Non-redistributable Windows software - Windows - Windows system updates more fixes be especially cautious with these kindof quick fixes from Microsoft - be sure they're not going to break more than they fix
device drivers for external devices: printer driver



Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox interfaces between Windows and various external hardware
device drivers for external devices: scanner driver


Download from manufacturer - see Drivers Toolbox interfaces between Windows and various external hardware
Configuring Windows 2000 for Performance, Usability and Security
for the machine.
section 4+
or use TWEAK



Windows Toolbox - docs -> windows;
or Windows Toolbox - admin

follow this document to best configure the operating system itself
Configuring Windows 2000 for Performance, Usability and Security
that relate to each user.
section 4+
or use TWEAK



Windows Toolbox - docs -> windows;
or Windows Toolbox - admin

follow this document to best configure the operating system itself
MS OpenType Font Properties Extension

n/a n/a Non-redistributable Windows software - windows - windows system updates see more font properties

Fonts
Atleast these for the web:
'Microsoft TrueType Core Fonts for the Web'
(
Andale Mono 2.00;
Arial 2.82;
Courier New 2.82;
Times New Roman 2.82;
Trebuchet MS 1.22)


n/a n/a Windows Toolbox - fonts - truetype typefaces for viewing text
Those listed are that which Windows 2000 doesn't already have.







F-Prot anti-virus for Windows or ClamWin

 
n/a Windows Toolbox - security -> anti-virus anti-virus See Toolbox’s notes
7-ZIP


Windows Toolbox - file-utils -> compression compression
Sun Java Runtime Environment


Windows Toolbox - java
you may require it, without realising, for web-based services. use the version from from Sun Microsystems.
IrfanView
+ plug-ins



Windows Toolbox - graphics efficient graphics viewer
Adobe Reader
n/a
Non-re-distributable software for Windows - editors -> PDF and Postscript document viewer  
Zinf



Windows Toolbox - audio -> players multimedia audio player

you may be happy with just Zinf for MP3, OggVorbis and WAV formats but you may also need players for the popular proprietary formats around:
Quicktime for Quicktime formats (tho it plays others)
Real Player 8 for Real
formats (tho it plays others)
MS Media Player 6.4 for Microsoft formats

VLC media player



Windows Toolbox - video -> players multimedia video player DVD player and general video player.
Though not advised, you may also need players for the popular proprietary formats around:
Quicktime for Quicktime formats (tho it plays others)
Real Player 8 for Real
formats (tho it plays others)
MS Media Player for Microsoft formats
NoteTab Light



Windows - Toolbox - editors sophisticated plain text editor install to 'notetab' rather than 'notetab light'
Mozilla suite or Mozilla Firefox



Windows - Toolbox - internet -> browsers browser for Mozilla suite, install all components (apart from Mail & News, if you're using Pegasus Mail for email).
install to 'mozilla' rather than 'mozilla\mozilla.org'
browser plug-ins:

Flash player


n/a n/a Windows - Toolbox - internet -> browsers
. Acrobat Reader; Quicktime; Java should install their plug-ins automatically, or the browser pick them up. otherwise, copy plug-in files to browser's 'plugins' directory
Pegasus Mail or Mozilla Thunderbird



Windows - Toolbox - internet -> email email client Install to 'pmail' in your program files directory
FileZilla



Windows - Toolbox - internet FTP client
OpenOffice


Windows Toolbox - editors word processor; spreadsheet optional major application

- install just the program to a central program directory everyone can access with the 'network installation' ('setup /net'), choosing what components you want each user to have

-
for each user, run the program from the central place, choosing 'workstation installation' and installing user-specific files into their profile (each workstation has registry settings configured, rather than each user, so you needn't be logged in as that user whilst you do their installation)

have to install spellchecker dictionary seperately

The GIMP



Windows Toolbox - graphics
image editor
optional major application




































Note: you may also want to use ZoneAlarm personal firewall software, to protect your system(s) if they're connected to the Internet. ZoneAlarm is very useful software but too buggy in its interaction with other software applications for us to whole-heartedly advise. We recommend, if possible, that instead you use a dedicated hardware firewall using IPCop, FloppyFW or some other such GNU/Linux firewall software on an old PC.
Last time we checked, ZoneAlarm didn't work in a multi-user environment either.